Rhinoplasty

What Is Rhinoplasty?

Rhinoplasty is designed to improve the appearance and proportion of the nose or to correct a breathing problem. Rhinoplasty is one of the most preferred operations of aesthetic and plastic surgery, regardless of men and women.

Why Rhinoplasty?

The nose, which is located in the center of the face, is undoubtedly one of the most striking points by everyone in terms of appearance at first glance. Rhinoplasty is preferred because it is an operation that can provide advantages to the patient not only in terms of appearance but also in terms of functionally.

Thanks to the developing medical technologies, the structure and shape of the nose can be safely corrected. Rhinoplasty operation, which is needed with aesthetic concerns and respiratory problems, improves fractures or deformities caused by impact, accident, injury, health problems as much as the appearance of the patients.

How Is Rhinoplasty Performed?

Rhinoplasty surgeries should not be considered only as a nose reduction surgery. Depending on the needs of the patient, it can be performed in an arched nose structure, for nose enlargement purposes or in the form of surgeries where both reduction and augmentation techniques are used together. The patient and the doctor must decide together to avoid undesired consequences that will produce unrealistic and unnatural results on the face.

In reduction rhinoplasty, reduction can be performed by taking the nose cartilage or bone tissue in certain proportions to reach the desired size and shape of the nose. In augmentation rhinoplasty, augmentation can usually be performed for revision purposes resulted from previous erroneous rhinoplasty surgeries and congenital or trauma resulted from accidents and blows. Augmentation rhinoplasty is a more difficult procedure and requires more experience than reduction rhinoplasty surgery. In augmentation rhinoplasty, cartilage, skin or fat tissue is obtained from inside the nose or from any part of the body, giving the nose the desired size and shape.  Therefore, the intra- nasal bone is reshaped.

The open surgery technique is most often preferred in rhinoplasty. By making a small incision in the part between the two nostrils, the nasal septum and the problematic area can be seen clearly in a wider frame and the desired shaping is easily performed. In the closed technique, an incision is made on the inside of the nose. The entire operation is performed inside the nose. The surgeon has a small field of vision, but the recovery time is shorter. The closed rhinoplasty technique is generally preferred to correct smaller deformities. No skin incisions or stitches remain on the outer nose.

In a method called a delivery technique, the cartilage of the nose is shaped by two parallel incisions through the nose. In this method, the advantages of the open and closed technique are used together. In addition to the dominance of vision in the open technique, the absence of incision marks is also one of the advantages of the method.

The operation takes about 3 hours and performed under general anesthesia where you will be sedated and unable to sense the pain.

How Is the Post-Operative Process after Rhinoplasty?

The duration of rhinoplasty surgeries and the recovery time of the patient vary depending on the aesthetic method to be applied. The recovery time in open surgery takes about 7 to 10 days. Intense edema, swelling and bruising can be seen in the first few days following the operation. Most complaints are largely gone by the end of the first week. However, it may take up to 3 months for the patient to completely recover from the swelling and edema. It takes about 1 year to see full results. The recovery time in closed technique also varies between 7 and 10 days. After the operation, the protective band attached to the outer part with silicone splints attached to the inside of the nose is removed within 3 to 4 days. Post-operative mild swelling and bruises disappear in a short time.

What to Do and What Not to Do After Surgery

It is generally not recommended to stand up 4 to 6 hours after surgery. It is normal to experience dizziness and fainting when you first stand up. Blood leakage from the nasal cavity may occur both during and after surgery. If there is no nausea 6 hours after the operation, water can be drunk. Liquid foods can be eaten in small amounts. It is generally recommended to consume liquid foods for the first few days.

Water should not be drawn into the nose for the first 15 days and the nose should not be blown. Nasal congestion is normal during this period. It is not recommended to wear glasses for a few months to achieve the desired shape. Patients may be asked to avoid certain behaviors such as swimming, chewing too hard, physical activities that require high effort and hard tooth brushing.

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