Genetics

What is Genetics?

The element of life, the key to the mechanism of diseases and the treatments is genetic science. All codes belonging to the living, including DNA and RNA are stored in the “genome”. Although molecular biology and genetics focus on diseases as one of the branches of science working to decipher the codes in DNA and genetic codes, it also provides important breakthroughs in preventive medicine. Genes, code for proteins in the body. Which gene encrypts which protein can be understood by Molecular Biology and Genetic Sequencing.

Genes are part of the DNA chain found on cell chromosomes, which carry the inherited characteristics of a creature and allow these characteristics to be transferred from generation to generation. The task of each gene, which allows the storage of information regarding the organism, is different from each other. From hair color to blood type, sensitivity to diseases, strong or weak immune systems, almost every area of vitality is related to genes. Genetic science has a wide field of study. It can cause of many diseases, as well as make early diagnosis of many diseases possible. Even detection of a person’s genetic predisposition to this disease is possible thanks to current scientific advances before the disease has even occurred.

What Does Whole Genome Sequencing Do?

The science of genetics can reveal all the codes of a person’s metabolism through a process called “whole genome sequencing.” Opportunities offered by genetic science also underlie preventive medicine, which is the most important goal of the Longevity Clinic and provides an approach that will detect the predisposition before the diseases occur and take personalized measures.

Genes are located on chromosomes that are in the form of small filamentous patterns. A Normal person has 46 chromosomes in each cell. 23 of these chromosomes come from the mother and 23 from the father. In some special cases, mutations may occur that prevent the gene from functioning properly during replication. These mutations can be reflected in the clinic as the cause of a genetic disease; sometimes they can lead to certain predispositions that can derange a person’s health, such as diabetes, familial transitive autoimmune diseases, cancer, and immune response. All of these predispositions of a person can be detected without even having to develop the disease yet by performing genetic sequencing from blood or tissue samples to identify changes in the chromosome or gene.

Personalized Medicine and Genetics

Personalized medicine is a field that is beginning to grow in importance and to find more use in routine practice with the advances in molecular biology and genetics. Although personalized medicine is mostly designed to get the right treatment for the disease at the right time and amount, it has now become an area that allows a person to take precautions against their risks before they get sick.

Personalized medicine in the field of cancer is of great importance, especially from the point of view of preventive medicine. Because 5 to 10 percent of cancers occur due to hereditary causes. Especially for these genetic cancers, detecting a person’s risk of developing cancer (detecting a predisposition to cancer) and conducting protective monitoring according to this risk is one of the situations where personalized medicine is most often applied. For this purpose, mutation analysis is performed on genes associated with familial hereditary cancer using next-generation gene sequencing technology.

In addition to cancer, personalized medicine practices in many rare and common diseases can be used in terms of risk analysis. It also serves as an important guide for determining preventive medicine practices against cardiovascular diseases. There are many different genes associated with a genetic predisposition to cardiovascular diseases and the detection of variants in these genes that are known to be risk factors may allow for adjustments to reduce this risk in the living conditions of people with a predisposition. The predisposition of cardiovascular diseases and many other diseases other than cancer can be detected before the disease occurs thanks to genetic science and a person can live a much healthier and longer life without getting sick in the follow-up of experts with personalized lifestyle counseling.

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